AlexAlexander Carl, Ph.D.
Graduate Student, emeritus
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
60 Prescott St.
Worcester, MA

ORCID 0000-0003-0563-0813
Room GP2232, Gateway Park
phone: 774-364-5274

Alex completed his B.S. in Chemistry at Worcester State University where he studied organometallic chemistry with Jeremy R. Andreatta Ph.D. The focus of his research was on Lewis acid-base binding of pyridine to boryl-functionalized metallocenes for the purpose of C-H activation.

His studies at WPI focused on the passivation and secondary functionalization of Si(111) surfaces. Secondary functionalizations include moieties which would promote interfacial adhesion and efficient charge carrier transport in tandem-junction configurations.



Synthesis and Optoelectronic Properties of a Promising Quaternary Metal Oxide Light Absorber CuBiW2O8.
Lite Zhou, Edan Bainglass, Maryam Masroor, Binod Giri, Guangjiang li, Alexander D. Carl, Ronald L. Grimm, Lyubov Titova, Muhammad N. Huda and Pratap M. Rao.
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, XXX(32), XXXX–XXX.

Interfacial States, Energetics, and Atmospheric Stability of Large-Grain Antifluorite Cs2TiBr6.
Jocelyn L Mendes, Weiran Gao, Julia L Martin, Alexander D. Carl, N. Aaron Deskins, Sergio Granados-Focil, and Ronald L. Grimm
J. Phys. Chem. C, 2020, 124(44), 24289–24297.

Quantification of Surface Reactivity and Step-Selective Etching Chemistry on Single-Crystal BiOI(001).
Julia L Martin, Roy Stoflet, Alexander D. Carl, Katarina Himmelberger, Sergio Granados-Focil, and Ronald L. Grimm
Langmuir, 2020, 36(32), 9343–9355.

Open-Circuit Photovoltage Exceeding 950 mV with an 840 mV Average at Sb2S3–Thianthrene+/0 Junctions Enabled by Thioperylene Anhydride Back Contacts.
Curtis W. Doiron, Nicholas A. Fitzpatrick, Clare P. Masucci, Julia L. Martin, Alexander D. Carl, and Ronald L. Grimm
ACS Omega, 2020, 5, 16875-16884.

High Performance Lead-Free Solar Cells Based on Tin-Halide Perovskite Thin Films Functionalized by a Divalent Organic Cation.
Min Chen, Qingshun Dong, Felix T. Eickemeyer, Yuhang Liu, Zhenghong Dai, Alexander D. Carl, Behzad Bahrami, Ashraful Haider Chowdhury, Ronald L. Grimm, Yantao Shi, Qiquan Qiao, Shaik Mohammed Zakeeruddin, Michael Grätzel, and Nitin P. Padture
ACS Energy Lett., 2020, 5, 2223-2230.

The Effect of Corrosion on Conventional and Nanomaterial Copper Cold Spray Surfaces for Antimicrobial Applications.
Kristin Sundberg, Yanggang Wang, Brajendra Mishra, Alexander D. Carl, Ronald L. Grimm, Alino Te, Lindsay Lozeau, Bryer Sousa, Richard Sisson and Danielle Cote
Biomed. J. Sci. Tech. Res., 2019, 22(3), 16753-16763.

Dual Liquid Junction Photoelectrochemistry: Part II. Open-Circuit Photovoltage Variations Due to Surface Chemistry, Interfacial Dipoles, and non-Ohmic Junctions at Back Contacts.
Margaret A. Russell, Roghi E. Kalan, Anthony J. Pugliese, Alexander D. Carl, Clare P. Masucci, Nicholas C. Strandwitz, and Ronald L. Grimm
J. Electrochem. Soc., 2019, 166(13), H608-H614.

ZSM-5 Decrystallization and Dealumination in Hot Liquid Water.
Alex R. Maag, Geoffrey A. Tompsett, Jason Tam, Cheen Aik Ang, Gisele Azimi, Alexander D. Carl, Xinlei Huang, Luis J. Smith, Ronald L. Grimm, Jesse Q. Bond and Michael T. Timko
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, 21, 17880-17892.

The Balancing Light Absorption and Charge Transport in Vertical SnS2 Nanoflake Photoanodes with Stepped Layers and Large Intrinsic Mobility.
Binod Giri, Maryam Masroor, Tao Yan, Kateryna Kushnir, Alexander D. Carl, Curtis Doiron, Haochuan Zhang, Yanyan Zhao, Arthur McClelland, Geoffrey A. Tompsett, Dunwei Wang, Ronald L. Grimm, Lyubov V. Titova, Pratap M. Rao
Adv. Energy Mater., 2019, 9, 1901236-1901246

Covalent Attachment and Characterization of Perylene Monolayers on Si(111) and TiO2 for Electron-Selective Carrier Transport.
Alexander D. Carl and Ronald L. Grimm
Langmuir., 2019, 35, 9352−9363.

The Stability and Oxidation of Supported Atomic-Size Catalysts in Reactive Environments.
Satish Kumar Iyemperumal, Thomas G. Fenton, Samantha L. Gillingham, Alexander D. Carl, Ronald L. Grimm, Gonghu Li, and N. Aaron Deskins
J. Chem. Phys., 2019, 151, 054702.

Detection of Adsorbates on Emissive MOF Surfaces with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy.
Jingjing Yan, Alexander D. Carl, Alex R. Maag, John C. MacDonald, Peter Mueller, Ronald L. Grimm, and Shawn C. Burdette
Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 4520-4529.

Highly Stable and Efficient All-inorganic Lead-free Perovskite Solar Cells with Native-oxide Passivation
Min Chen, Ming-Gang Ju, Hector F. Garces, Alexander D. Carl, Luis K. Ono, Zafer Hawash, Yi Zhang, Tianyi Shen, Yabing Qi, Ronald L. Grimm, Domenico Pacifici, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Yuanyuan Zhou & Nitin P. Padture
Nat. Commun., 2019,10, 16.

Selective CO2 Reduction Catalyzed by Single Cobalt Sites on Carbon Nitride under Visible-light Irradiation.
Peipei Huang, Jiahao Huang, Sebastian Pantovich, Alexander D. Carl, Thomas Fenton, Christine A. Caputo, Ronald L. Grimm, Anatoly I. Frenkel, and Gonghu Li
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2018, 140(47), 16042-16047.

Synergy between Defects, Photoexcited Electrons, and Supported Single Atom Catalysts for CO2 Reduction.
Junbo Chen, Satish Kumar Iyemperumal, Thomas Fenton, Alexander D. Carl, Ronald L. Grimm, Gonghu Li, and Nathaniel Aaron Deskins
ACS Catalysis, 2018, 8, 10464–10478.

Elucidation of Chemical Species and Reactivity at Methylammonium Lead Iodide and Cesium Tin Bromide Perovskite Surfaces via Orthogonal Reaction Chemistry.
Weiran Gao, Kenneth Zielinski, Benjamin N. Drury, Alexander D. Carl, and Ronald L. Grimm
J. Phys. Chem. C, 2018, 122 (31), 17882–17894

Cesium Titanium(IV) Bromide Thin Films Based Stable Lead-free Perovskite Solar Cells.
Chen, M.; Ju, M.-G.; Carl, A. D.; Zong, Y.; Grimm, R. L.; Gu, J.; Zeng, X. C.; Zhou, Y.; Padture, N. P.
Joule, 2018, 2, 558-570.

Enhancing the Solar Energy Conversion Efficiency of Solution-Deposited Bi2S3 Thin Films by Annealing in Sulfur Vapor at Elevated Temperature
Zhu, Z.; Iyemperumal, S. K.; Kushnir, K.; Carl, A. D.; Zhou, L.; Brodeur, D.; Grimm, R.; Titova, L.; Deskins, N.; Rao, P. M.
Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 2017, 1, 2134-2144.

Synthesis and Characterization of Alkylamine-Functionalized Si(111) for Perovskite Adhesion With Minimal Interfacial Oxidation or Electronic Defects
Carl, A. D.; Kalan, R. E.; Obayemi, J. D.; Zebaze Kana, M. G.; Soboyejo, W. O.; Grimm, R. L.
ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces, 2017, 9 (39), 34377-34388.

Low temperature dehydrations of non-activated alcohols via halide catalysis
Zhang, X.; Desrochers, S. J.; Carl, A. D.; Geagea, N.; Zielinski, K.; Emmert, M. H.
Organic Chemistry Frontiers, 2016, 3, 701-708.